How Long?
Tad Roach


It is August, a time of anticipation, preparation, and excitement for schools across the country. Students are buying back-to-school clothes and supplies. Parents quietly hope that their children will soon meet teachers who are skilled, kind, accepting, and thoughtful.

As educators, we have enough time in August to remind ourselves of the sacred and inspiring mission and work of schools.

We teachers prepare our courses and classrooms. We know we are sharing the wisdom, habits of mind and heart, recognitions, discoveries, and explorations that have led our country and world into both miracles and disasters.

We try to help our students find their way to creative expressions of peace, humanity, and solidarity as they study the human story in all its complexity.

We pledge on these August days to educate in such powerful ways that our students will succeed us with courage, grace, and honor. Maybe, just maybe, they as citizens will love fiercely enough to begin to heal and rescue a fallen world. 

We start by building cultures within our classrooms and schools, emphasizing the dignity of all in our communities and especially looking out for anyone who seems uncertain, insecure, invisible, or frightened.

Our students in this generation seem remarkably eager to respect and honor one another; they actively seek others who have different experiences, cultures, viewpoints, identities. They seek unity in diversity. The are impatient with ideologies of hatred, division, intolerance, and fear. They look at the adult world of paralysis and fear with growing contempt and impatience. 

It is August, and we could say that the events in El Paso last weekend remind us of what we witnessed in Charlottesville two years ago when ancient and poisonous hatred, prejudice, and violence suddenly sought expression and erupted on the streets of a town dedicated in large part to education. We sadly are not surprised at the early designation of the massacre as a “hate crime”, for we know that we in America continue to deny or forget just what happens when we demonize, objectify, and scapegoat the Other.

We have declared victory again and again in this country against these forces of hatred, only to find that as long as we have despair and desolation in our land, the sparks of hatred and division can always be ignited again. Those who worship hatred, intolerance, racism, and violence find affirmation from one another on the internet and yes, they hear, honor, respond to mainstream voices that deliberately or foolishly encourage and profit from vitriol and violence.  

We have held celebrations of how much we have learned and how far we have come in America, only to return to moments like these.

We put guns into everyone’s hands.

As schools open in the wake of these shootings this month, I say again to the politicians on the left and right that it is completely unacceptable for children to be arriving and schools to be opening this year with the ever-present threat of shootings in our midst. 

It is contrary to a free society, to our democracy, and to the principles of education.

It is unspeakable to ask a generation of children to run, hide, or fight in a school dedicated to learning, collaboration, and engagement in the community. 

It is a complete failure of our democratic government to ask teachers to awaken young minds and at the same time prepare for the violence of warfare in the hallways. 

It is appalling that law enforcement personnel know that at any moment they must put their lives on the line to protect our community’s precious and innocent children.

Our colleagues in education throughout the world wonder why American schools operate in a culture of lockdowns, gates, and security screenings. They wonder what happened to the promise and spirit of the world’s greatest democracy.

Yet here we are again, lighting candles of mourning, solidarity, and sympathy, preaching love and peace, while the threats remain unaddressed, unmentioned, and untouched. For over twenty years now, our schools and colleges, churches, mosques, synagogues, concerts, movie theatres, malls, stores, and public spaces have been subjected again and again to violence and human carnage. We do nothing.

St. Andrew’s mourns the deaths caused by shootings in Dayton, El Paso, and Gilroy.

We again ask, “How Long?"

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Gwendolyn Williams P'17 Talks Criminal Justice Ethics With VI Form Students
Gwendolyn Williams P'17 Talks Criminal Justice Ethics With VI Form Students
Terence Gilheany

On Friday evening, January 13, Gwendolyn Williams P'17 talked with VI Form ethics students about criminal justice ethics and reform. Ms. Williams in the mother of Brianna Adams '17 and serves as the Deputy Chief Assistant Prosecutor for New Jersey's Essex County Prosecutor's Office. Ms. Williams introduced the gathering to her work, and spoke to the ethical requirements and challenges raised by that work. Ethics students (who have been studying the ethics of the criminal justice system) "raised insightful questions about criminal justice reform," said Religious Studies Department Chair Terence Gilheany. "Ms. Williams and the group discussed the rights of victims, racial justice, mental illness, bail reform, and juvenile justice."

"I found Ms. Williams' discussion of monetary bail particularly fascinating," said Kathryn Paton '17, who attended the talk. Williams explained that Essex County had recently changed their bail policy to allow most pre-trial defendants (except for the most violent offenders) to be released pending prosecution. "A monetary bail policy aggressively privileges the wealthy," Kathryn recalled of the discussion, "but not incarcerating certain violent criminals before trial gives them the potential to do harm." The group also discussed the relative merits of punitive processes versus rehabilitative social program and how both approaches to "justice" intersect with Williams' work, and the role of forgiveness in the justice system, particularly with regard to victims' rights. "I would love to learn more about rehabilitation in the justice system," Kathryn said, "because both her talk and our recent work in class has sparked in me an interest in understanding how to make justice more efficient and productive, while still being just and humane."

"Before her talk, I had vaguely understood the role of the prosecutor as being against the defendant," Kathryn concluded, "but she really underlined how ethically and legally the prosecution is required to bring any uncovered possibly defending information to the defense. She helped me see how criminal justice is less a battle and more a collaborative process, albeit one fraught with competing personal and ethical concerns."